आकृति:Coord/doc

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आकृति:Transwiki guide candidate


Quick guide[सम्पादन करी]

आकृति:Coord how-to

Purpose[सम्पादन करी]

{{Coord}} provides a standard notation for encoding locations by their latitude and longitude coordinates. It is primarily for specifying the WGS84 geographic coordinates of locations on Earth, at the same time emitting a machine-readable Geo microformat. However, it can also encode locations on natural satellites, dwarf planets, and planets other than Earth.

  • To specify celestial coordinates, use {{Sky}} instead.
  • Tag articles which lack coordinates (but need them) with {{Coord missing}}.
  • If the subject's location is truly unknown or disputed, note this with {{coord unknown}}.

See also Wikipedia:WikiProject Geographical coordinates.

Features[सम्पादन करी]

Latitude and longitude may be specified (with appropriate precision) either in decimal notation or as degrees/minutes/seconds. By default, coordinates appear in the format used to specify them. However, the format= parameter can be used to force display in a particular format.

The template displays the formatted coordinates with a hyperlink to GeoHack. GeoHack displays information customized to the location, including links to external mapping services.

For terrestrial locations, a blue globe (Erioll world.svg) appears to the left of the hyperlink. Clicking on the globe activates the WikiMiniAtlas (requires JavaScript).

By default, coordinates appear "in line" with the adjacent text. However, the display= parameter can be used to move the coordinates up near the page title—or display them in both places at once.

The template outputs coordinates in three formats:

  • Degree/minutes/seconds ("DMS", precision is degrees, or degrees/minutes, or degrees/minutes/seconds, based on input precision).
  • Decimal degrees (varying the number of decimal places based on input precision)
  • A machine readable Geo microformat.

Logged-in users can customize how coordinates appear in their browsers.

Caveats[सम्पादन करी]

The template must not be modified without prior discussion.

Tools which read Wikipedia database dumps (such as Google Earth) often ignore inline coordinates. To ensure that coordinates are seen by these tools, one set should be displayed beside the title. See How do I get my Wikipedia article to show up in the Google Earth Geographic Web layer?. However, if multiple title coordinates appear on a single page, they will overlap, making them illegible.

Superseded templates[सम्पादन करी]

This single template supersedes {{coor d}}, (and others in that family which have since been redirected to it), plus the Geolinks and Mapit templates. Most parameters can be used as before – see Usage.

Examples:

{{coord|10.2|N|-20.3|E|type:city}}Replaces {{coor d|10.2|N|-20.3|E|city}}
{{coord|44.4|-111.1|type:city_region:US|display=inline,title}}Replaces {{Geolinks-US-cityscale|44.4|-111.1}}
{{coord|51.01234|-1.56789|type:landmark_region:GB|display=inline,title}}Replaces {{Geolinks-UK-buildingscale|51.01234|-1.56789}}
{{coord|-35.5|150.1|type:landmark_region:AU|display=inline,title}}Replaces {{Mapit-AUS-suburbscale|lat=-35.5|long=150.1}}
{{coord|12|34|12|N|45|33|45|W|display=title}}Replaces {{CoorHeader|12|34|12|N|45|33|45|W}}

Usage[सम्पादन करी]

{{coord|latitude|longitude|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}
{{coord|dd|N/S|dd|E/W|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}
{{coord|dd|mm|N/S|dd|mm|E/W|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}
{{coord|dd|mm|ss|N/S|dd|mm|ss|E/W|coordinate parameters|template parameters}}

The hemisphere identifiers (N/S) and (E/W), if used, must be adjacent to the enclosing pipe "|" characters, and cannot be preceded or succeeded by spaces.

There are two kinds of parameters, all optional:

  • Coordinate parameters are parameters that {{Coord}} passes to the map server. These have the format parameter:value and are separated from each other by the underscore character ( _ ). The supported coordinate parameters are dim:, globe:, region:, scale:, source:, and type:. See coordinate parameters for details and examples.
  • Template parameters are parameters used by the {{Coord}} template. These have format parameter=value and are separated from each other by the pipe character ( | ). The supported template parameters are display=, format=, name=, and notes=.
  • display= can be one of the following:
  • display=inline – Display the coordinate inline (default)
  • display=title – Display the coordinate at the top of the article, beside the article's title (replaces {{coor title dms}} family)
    • shortcut: display=t
  • display=inline,title – Display the coordinate both inline and beside the article's title (replaces {{coor at dms}} family)
    • shortcut: display=it
  • display=title,inline has the same effect as display=inline,title
Note: the title attribute indicates that the coordinates apply to the entire article, and not just one of (perhaps many) places mentioned in it — so it should only be omitted in the latter case.
  • format= can be used to force dec or dms coordinate display.
  • format=dec reformats the coordinates to decimal degrees format.
  • format=dms reformats the coordinates to degrees | minutes | seconds format.
  • name= can be used to annotate inline coordinates for display in map services such as the WikiMiniAtlas. If omitted, the article's title (PAGENAME) is assumed.
Note: a name= parameter causes {{Coord}} to emit an hCard microformat using that name, even if used within an existing hCard. Do not use when the name is that of a person (e.g for a gravesite), as the generated hCard would be invalid. Also, do not use square brackets in names.
  • notes= specifies text to be displayed immediately following the coordinates. This is primarily intended for adding footnotes to coordinates displayed beside the title.

Displaying all coordinate links on one map[सम्पादन करी]

The template {{GeoGroup}} can be used in an article with coordinates. This template creates links to mapping services which display all the coordinates on a single map, and links to other services which allow the coordinates to be used or downloaded in a variety of formats.

Examples[सम्पादन करी]

{{coord|43.651234|-79.383333}} ४३°३९′०४″उत्तर ७९°२३′००″पश्चिम / ४३.६५१२३४° पश्चिम nil / 43.651234; -79.383333 Toronto – Fully decimal – western hemisphere implied by negation
{{coord|43.65|-79.38}} ४३°३९′उत्तर ७९°२३′पश्चिम / ४३.६५° पश्चिम nil / 43.65; -79.38 Toronto – low precision decimal
{{coord|43.6500|-79.3800}} ४३°३९′००″उत्तर ७९°२२′४८″पश्चिम / ४३.६५००° पश्चिम nil / 43.6500; -79.3800 Toronto – medium precision decimal with trailing zeroes
{{coord|43.651234|N|79.383333|W}} ४३°३९′०४″उत्तर ७९°२३′००″पश्चिम / ४३.६५१२३४° पश्चिम nil / 43.651234; -79.383333 Toronto – high precision decimal with explicit hemisphere notation
{{coord|43|29|N|79|23|W}} ४३°२९′ उत्तर ७९°२३′ पश्चिम / ४३.४८३° पश्चिम nil / 43.483; -79.383 Toronto – degrees & minutes
{{coord|43|29|4|N|79|23|0|W}} ४३°२९′४″ उत्तर ७९°२३′०″ पश्चिम / ४३.४८४४४° पश्चिम nil / 43.48444; -79.38333 Toronto – degrees, minutes & seconds
{{coord|43|29|4.5|N|79|23|0.5|W}} ४३°२९′४.५″ उत्तर ७९°२३′०.५″ पश्चिम / ४३.४८४५८३° पश्चिम nil / 43.484583; -79.383472 Toronto – degrees, minutes, seconds & fractions of seconds
{{coord|55.752222|N|37.615556|E}} ५५°४५′०८″उत्तर ३७°३६′५६″पूर्व / ५५.७५२२२२° उत्तर ३७.६१५५५६° पूर्व / 55.752222; 37.615556 Moscow – N & E
{{coord|55.752222|N|37.615556|E|format=dms}} ५५°४५′०८″उत्तर ३७°३६′५६″पूर्व / ५५.७५२२२२° उत्तर ३७.६१५५५६° पूर्व / 55.752222; 37.615556 Convert to dms format
{{coord|39.098095|-94.587307|format=dms}} ३९°०५′५३″उत्तर ९४°३५′१४″पश्चिम / ३९.०९८०९५° पश्चिम nil / 39.098095; -94.587307 Decimal conversion without N/S/E/W
{{coord|55.752222|N|37.615556|E|format=dec|name=Moscow}} ५५°४५′०८″उत्तर ३७°३६′५६″पूर्व / ५५.७५२२२२° उत्तर ३७.६१५५५६° पूर्व / 55.752222; 37.615556 (Moscow) Convert to decimal and label on some maps
{{coord|33|55|S|18|25|E}} ३३°५५′ दक्षिण १८°२५′ पूर्व / ३३.९१७° दक्षिण १८.४१७° पूर्व / -33.917; 18.417 Cape Town – S & E
{{coord|35|00|N|105|00|E}} ३५°००′ उत्तर १०५°००′ पूर्व / ३५.०००° उत्तर १०५.०००° पूर्व / 35.000; 105.000 People's Republic of China
{{coord|22|54|30|S|43|14|37|W}} २२°५४′३०″ दक्षिण ४३°१४′३७″ पश्चिम / -२२.९०८३३° पश्चिम nil / -22.90833; -43.24361 Rio – S & W
{{coord|22|S|43|W}} २२° दक्षिण ४३° पश्चिम / -२२° पश्चिम nil / -22; -43 A degree confluence.
{{coord|52|28|N|1|55|W|region:GB_type:city|notes=<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.fallingrain.com/world/UK/0/Birmingham.html|title=Birmingham}}</ref>|display=inline,title}} ५२°२८′ उत्तर १°५५′ पश्चिम / ५२.४६७° पश्चिम nil / 52.467; -1.917[१]निर्देशाङ्क: ५२°२८′ उत्तर १°५५′ पश्चिम / ५२.४६७° पश्चिम nil / 52.467; -1.917[१] Birmingham – with display, notes, and parameter settings; note that these coordinates are also displayed at the top of this page.

References[सम्पादन करी]

Coordinate parameters[सम्पादन करी]

The first unnamed parameter following the longitude is an optional string of coordinate parameters, separated by underscores. These parameters help GeoHack select suitable map resources, and they will become more important when Wikimaps becomes fully functional.

type:T[सम्पादन करी]

विकिपिडिया:WikiProject Geographical coordinates/type:

scale:N[सम्पादन करी]

विकिपिडिया:WikiProject Geographical coordinates/scale:

dim:D[सम्पादन करी]

आकृति:Coord-doc-dim

region:R[सम्पादन करी]

विकिपिडिया:WikiProject Geographical coordinates/region:

globe:G[सम्पादन करी]

विकिपिडिया:WikiProject Geographical coordinates/globe:

source:S[सम्पादन करी]

विकिपिडिया:WikiProject Geographical coordinates/source:

Per-user display customization[सम्पादन करी]

To always display coordinates as DMS values, add this to your common.css:

.geo-default { display: inline }
.geo-nondefault { display: inline }
.geo-dec { display: none }
.geo-dms { display: inline }

To always display coordinates as decimal values, add this to your common.css:

.geo-default { display: inline }
.geo-nondefault { display: inline }
.geo-dec { display: inline }
.geo-dms { display: none }

To display coordinates in both formats, add this to your common.css:

.geo-default { display: inline }
.geo-nondefault { display: inline }
.geo-dec { display: inline }
.geo-dms { display: inline }
.geo-multi-punct { display: inline }

If CSS is disabled, or you have an old copy of MediaWiki:Common.css cached, you will see both formats. (You can either clear your cache or manually refresh this URL: [१].)

To disable display of the blue globe adjacent to coordinates, add this to your common.js:

var wma_settings = {enabled:false}

Note that this will disable WikiMiniAtlas.

See also Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers)#Geographical coordinates.

Incorrect uses and maintenance category[सम्पादन करी]

The template has some input checks built in. Most errors display a bold, red message inline and categorize the article in the hidden maintenance category Pages with malformed coordinate tags. There are currently pages in that category. See the category description for further instructions.

A more thorough daily report of coordinates needing repair is at tools:~dispenser/view/File viewer#log:coord-enwiki.log.

See also: WT:GEO#To do

Internals[सम्पादन करी]

See Template:Coord/doc/internals and Category:Coord template.

Subtemplates[सम्पादन करी]

आकृति:Coord/sub doc

Coordinates in PDF[सम्पादन करी]

For generating PDF, printed books, and Open Office export format, two templates are substituted for the regular templates:

Samples are available at:

Class names[सम्पादन करी]

The class names geo, latitude and longitude are used to generate the microformat and MUST NOT be changed.

Template Data[सम्पादन करी]

This template uses overloading which does not work well with the VisualEditor/TemplateData. Consider using "Edit source" instead of the visual editor until this defect is corrected. To facilitate visual editing in the mean time, consider using {{coordDec}} for signed decimal degrees, {{coordDMS}} when degrees minutes and seconds are specified, and {{coordDM}} when just degrees and minutes are given.

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

See the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Coord

Encodes the latitude and longitude coordinates of a location, provides a link to map of the location. This template does not work well with the Visual Editor, consider using {{coordDec}} for signed decimal degrees, {{coordDMS}} when degrees minutes and seconds are specified {{coordDM}} when only degrees and minutes are specified. To use this template you will need to use positional parameter following one of these schemes: {{coord | D | M | S | NS | D | M | S | EW | geo | opts}}, {{coord | D | M | NS | D | M | EW | geo | opts}}, {{coord | D| NS | D| EW | geo | opts}} {{coord | sD | sD | geo | opts}} where D is degrees, M is minutes, S seconds, sD signed decimal degrees, NS is N or S, EW is E or W, opts are named parameter and geo are the coordinate parameters described on the main doc page.

साँचा प्राचल

प्राचलवर्णनप्रकारस्थिति
11

Either degrees latitude or a signed decimal degrees latitude

संख्याआवश्यक
22

Either: minutes latitude, signed decimal degrees longitude or 'N' or 'S'.

स्ट्रिंगआवश्यक
33

Either: second latitude, degrees longitude, 'N' or 'S' or GeoHack parameters

स्ट्रिंगवैकल्पिक
44

Either: degrees longitude, 'N', 'S', 'E' or 'W' or GeoHack parameters

स्ट्रिंगवैकल्पिक
55

Either: degrees longitude, minutes longitude or GeoHack parameters

स्ट्रिंगवैकल्पिक
66

Either: minutes longitude, 'E' or 'W' or GeoHack parameters

स्ट्रिंगवैकल्पिक
77

Either second longitude, or GeoHack parameters

स्ट्रिंगवैकल्पिक
88

'E' or 'W'.

स्ट्रिंगवैकल्पिक
99

GeoHack parameters. Example: dim:30_region:US-WI_type:event

स्ट्रिंगवैकल्पिक
Displaydisplay

Where it is displayed. Can be one of: 'inline' in the body of the article, 'title' at the top of the article or 'inline,title' both

डिफ़ॉल्ट
inline
स्ट्रिंगवैकल्पिक
Namename

a label to place on maps (default is PAGENAME)

स्ट्रिंगवैकल्पिक
Notesnotes

text displayed immediately following the coordinates

स्ट्रिंगवैकल्पिक
Formatformat

How the coordinates are displayed, either 'dec' or 'dms'

स्ट्रिंगवैकल्पिक